How to prevent distemper in dogs is easily accomplished by first recognizing that this disease exists. Although distemper in dogs is a bacterial disease, it is caused by a strain of the virus known as Enteroviridae. The name comes from the fact that the pathogen itself is green-colored, unlike most other viruses which are black or gray-colored. Fortunately, canine distemper is not considered a very serious ailment and is easily preventable.
Distemper in dogs is highly transmittable via air and can easily be transmitted by touching. Dogs who are sick frequently may cough up secretions that contain the virus. If a dog is not cleaned properly after coughing, these secretions can wind up on a dog’s face and respiratory areas. This will result in the virus being spread, via respiratory route or gastrointestinal route, to other dogs. Like human respiratory tract virus, distemper in dogs also can be transmitted through coughing and vomiting.
How to prevent distemper in dogs is quite simple. There are several methods used to ensure that the distemper in dogs is not passed on from the owner to the pet. It is important for both the owner and the pet to have a healthy and clean environment to encourage the development of a healthy immune system. Dogs who participate in sports or other physical activities are more prone to getting sick, so vaccination is absolutely necessary. In addition, a pet owner should make sure that the puppy is kept up to date on its annual vaccinations and other health history routine checks.
How to prevent distemper in dogs is best started at the onset of symptoms. Distemper in dogs usually manifests itself in symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, severe anemia and dehydration. The condition often develops gradually and it takes a minimum of five weeks before the first clinical signs are seen. Therefore, it is very important to begin vaccinations and check-ups early in the life of your pets.
It is also very important to know the difference between how to prevent distemper in dogs, and other diseases, and treat them differently. In humans, the virus is caused by a strain of bacteria called a parvovirus and it is classified as a parvovirus infection. In dogs, the disease is caused by a strain of a virus known as enteroviruses and it is therefore more properly termed as an enterovircular disease (EVAD). Distemper has been called the parvo virus in dogs because, although it does affect humans, it is much more difficult to pass on to dogs than it is to humans.
The first treatment options are neuropathic drugs or anti-fungal medications that are injected directly into the tonsils or into the throat to fight off the infection. Treatment is usually successful, but these drugs are expensive and they have serious side effects. If the infection does not clear up within five weeks, the vet may recommend a repeat dose of the drug, or a course of immune system boosting drugs to help boost the immune system. The anti-fungal drugs, however, work best when used in conjunction with other types of treatment such as canine antiviral therapy. However, since distemper has a similar biological and physical pattern to other, less dangerous types of canine infections, it is not necessary to use all available treatments.
The second option for treatment is how to prevent distemper in dogs, or to delay exposure. The infection is transmitted through contact with infected saliva, nasal secretions, and touching an affected animal. Because the symptoms do not always show up immediately following exposure, some dogs can be exposed to the disease without showing any clinical signs and yet be protected against a serious threat. To make sure that this is not the case, clinics that provide ctirus immunization are routinely administering annual shots to ensure that the dogs are protected against the disease.
It is important to realize that distemper in dogs is highly contagious, so vaccination is absolutely essential if your dog is going to become infected. In addition, treatment is highly specific and it is best to start treatment early, ideally as soon as possible after the first symptom shows up. Unfortunately, distemper in dogs is so deadly that if a dog contracts the disease, there is only a one percent chance that he or she will survive. Therefore, vaccination is a critical part of how to prevent distemper in dogs. Moreover, treatment involves both medication and therapeutic measures, so it is necessary to treat your dog promptly so that it will be able to survive the disease and avoid other complications.