What causes distemper in dogs? Distemper in dogs is an infectious disease of dogs which mainly attacks the respiratory, intestinal and reproductive systems of dogs and puppies. Eye discharge and hard stool are also commonly found in affected dogs. It is estimated that more than twenty-five million dogs worldwide are affected by distemper every year.
Symptoms in dogs include cough with mucus, vomiting, lethargy, increased appetite, diarrhea, dehydration, blindness, lameness and vomiting. If a dog gets contaminated with distemper it will usually show several symptoms like coughing or sneezing, dog gets hot and cold flashes, and dog gets depressed. The most critical period of this disease in dogs is when the virus has not been diagnosed and the dog can not get treatment. If your dog experiences these symptoms for more than a week you should take your dog to the vet.
Puppies less than six months old are more prone to getting distemper in dogs. There are other factors that increase the risk like if a puppy is exposed to a household pet with distemper. Also, puppies that received an immunization after three months of age have a higher risk. Another factor that increases the risk is if the puppy receives an early primary immunization. The earlier the puppy is immunized the better chance it has of avoiding distemper in dogs.
Researchers have found that distemper in dogs can be caused by a toxic substance called cysts. Cysts are a type of harmful bacteria that attach to the intestinal wall and disrupt digestion. A diet low in vitamins, minerals and other nutrients, like brown rice and barley can cause a dog’s digestive system to become inflamed and results in diarrhea and vomiting.
Distemper in dogs can also be a symptom of a much more serious condition. Gastroenteritis is inflammation of the linings or membrane of the stomach. This type of illness happens when a dog’s gastrointestinal tract becomes blocked or damaged. This type of disease often affects puppies that were born prematurely or had some type of intestinal ailment before they were eight weeks old.
Treatment typically includes antibiotics. Antibiotics work to kill the irritants or toxins. If the toxins are not eliminated, the dog will begin to absorb nutrients and other substances from bone fragments in the intestines. If left untreated the intestines will begin to scar and the dog will have difficulty absorbing nutrients and liquids. If treatment is not given during this stage, the dog may suffer from a number of complications.
Dogs that have eaten contaminated bones are more likely to develop distemper in dogs. If the contaminated bones are not cleaned after eating, the remains can remain in the mouth and absorb into the animal’s intestine. A dog that ingests a contaminated bone is more likely to develop a secondary infection or be hospitalized. The best way to prevent this is to wash all raw bones before cooking. Cook bones thoroughly before serving to prevent exposure to toxins.
The final step in how to know what causes distemper in dogs is to receive a second vaccination at least one week and one month after the first distemper vaccination. The second vaccination will contain a live virus against the same virus that caused the first illness. Although distemper cannot be transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected dog, it can be transferred to humans through the blood of an infected animal. If a person ingests the virus, the body will not show any signs of distress, but will release an antibody known as caspase one to fight the virus.